6 Types Of Mushroom And Health Benefits

6 Types Of Mushroom And Health Benefits

Different Types OF Mushroom And Health Benefits

1. Button Mushrooms

Button mushrooms, the quintessential types of mushrooms found in grocery stores, are small to medium with a rounded cap that sits on a stubby stalk. Their mild flavor and firm texture make them a popular choice for a wide range of culinary dishes, from pizzas to salads. Renowned for their versatility, button mushrooms absorb flavors beautifully, which enhances soups, stews, and sauces, making them a favorite among home cooks and professional chefs alike.

2. Shiitake Mushrooms

Shiitake mushrooms are esteemed types of mushrooms that originate from East Asia, where they’ve been used for their deep umami flavor and healthful properties. With their broad umbrella-like cap and creamy white stems, they are commonly incorporated into soups, sautéed dishes, and as garnishes. Shiitake mushrooms also hold medicinal acclaim and are often found in dietary supplements, where they are utilized for their believed immune-boosting capabilities.


Portobello mushrooms are among the larger types of mushroom, with a full-bodied, meaty flavor that makes them particularly popular in vegetarian cuisine. Their thick, robust cap is an excellent vessel for stuffing with a plethora of ingredients or used as a substitute for meat in burgers. When grilled or roasted, portobello mushrooms provide a satisfying texture and a smoky taste that greatly enhances the dining experience.

4. Oyster Mushrooms

Oyster mushrooms are unique types of mushroom recognized for their broad fan-shaped caps and delicate, oyster-like appearance. They have a tender consistency and a slight seafood hint, which pairs well with light pastas and seafood dishes. Their graceful look and subtle taste are celebrated in gourmet cooking, and they are also acknowledged for their potential health benefits, including supporting heart and immune system health.

5. Reishi Mushrooms

Reishi mushroom discovery” by sashimomura is licensed under CC BY 2.0.

Reishi mushrooms are distinguished types of mushroom that are revered in Eastern medicine for their therapeutic properties. They have a hard texture and a woody, bitter taste, which is why they are more commonly used in teas and extracts rather than cooked meals. Their distinctive kidney-shaped cap gives them a recognizable silhouette, and they are often touted for their potential to support immunity and overall well-being.


Pethan, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Maitake mushrooms, or Hen of the Woods, are forest-dwelling types of mushrooms characterized by their rippling, feathery appearance. They boast a rich and earthy aroma with a pronounced taste that enriches savory dishes. Maitake mushrooms are also treasured for their reported health benefits, including supporting the immune system and blood sugar regulation, adding an element of nutritional interest to their culinary appeal.


Mushrooms are a versatile ingredient that can be used in a variety of dishes. They are low in calories and high in nutrients, making them an excellent addition to any diet. The different types of mushrooms each have their own unique health benefits. Button mushrooms are a good source of vitamin D, shiitake mushrooms can boost the immune system, portobello mushrooms are high in protein, oyster mushrooms have anti-inflammatory properties, reishi mushrooms have anti-cancer properties, and maitake mushrooms can reduce the risk of infection. Incorporating mushrooms into your diet can be a simple and delicious way to improve your overall health.

Mushroom FAQs

Here are the most common questions about mushrooms.

1. Are all mushrooms safe to eat?

No, not all mushrooms are safe to eat. Some types of mushrooms can be poisonous and cause serious health problems. It is important to only consume mushrooms that have been properly identified as safe for consumption.

2. How should I store mushrooms?

Mushrooms should be stored in a cool, dry place, such as the refrigerator. They should be kept in a paper bag or wrapped in a paper towel to absorb any excess moisture.

3. How do I clean mushrooms?

To clean mushrooms, wipe them with a damp cloth or rinse them quickly under cold running water. Do not soak them, as they can absorb too much water and become soggy.

4. Can I eat raw mushrooms?

Yes, mushrooms can be eaten raw. However, cooking them can help to break down some of the tough fibers and make them easier to digest.

Some popular types of mushrooms include button mushrooms, portobello mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, and cremini mushrooms.

6. How can I incorporate mushrooms into my diet?

Mushrooms can be used in a variety of dishes, such as soups, stir-fries, salads, and pasta dishes. They are also a great meat alternative in vegetarian and vegan recipes.